Vinograd, Dr. Sherman P., Aerospace Exploration Papers, 1957-2010 and undated

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Creator: Vinograd, Sherman P.

Collection #: S 1775.1

Language: English

Biographical Sketch

Dr. Sherman P. Vinograd fulfilled the roles of Chief of Medical Science and Technology and Director of Biomedical Research at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from the fall of 1961 until the spring of 1979. In this role he shaped, organized, and directed NASA's program of medical research as a funded program of studies, which was carried out in not only NASA Center laboratories, but also in university, industry, and other government laboratories and hospitals all over the country. It produced a large substrate of information through its bed rest studies, vestibular, bone, neuromuscular, hematology, and cardiovascular researches. It also produced valuable fall - out, such as an accurate bone density measurement technique which is now in common clinical use.

His major activities during this career were conceptualizing, establishing, and chairing the Space Medicine Advisory Group (SPAMAG) charged with defining the earth - based and space - based research and life - support requirements for a manned orbiting research laboratory. This group designed a carefully planned study utilizing highly qualified, specialized members of the scientific community. They postulated a non - existent orbiting laboratory to be designed according to the needs of future human flight crews and requirements for human spaceflight information. This would result in the creation of Skylab.

He was also responsible for establishing the in-flight Medical Experiments Program in preparation for the Apollo series of manned space flights. This program was a series of carefully designed flight crew studies derived from proposals by qualified scientists both from within and outside NASA to evaluate human responses to spaceflight.

In addition, Dr. Vinograd developed a supportive Research and Development Program necessary to provide pertinent ground - based data and to advance state - of - the - art medical measurement technology, a major development of which was the Integrated Medical and Behavioral Laboratory Measurement System (IMBLMS). This consisted of medical experiments and accompanying equipment necessary to perform them that was used from the Gemini through the Skylab manned space flight programs. Carried aboard virtually any post - Apollo space vehicle by virtue of its rack and module design, these designs were used well into the future. He also fostered the continuing ground - based medical research program sponsored and/or conducted by NASA.

Scope and Contents

The Dr. Sherman P. Vinograd Aerospace Exploration collection consists of artifacts, books, correspondence, financial materials, newspapers, photographs, plaques, printed materials, and reports relating to Dr. Vinograd's early life, his career as an M. D. prior to joining NASA, his years as a physician and researcher at NASA, and the other professional organizations and projects in which he was involved both during and after these periods.


Open for Research

Related Material

Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library:

  • Rick Husband Papers, 1969 - 2008 and updated.
  • Rick Husband Audio/Visual Collection, 1974 - 2007 and undated.
  • Dr. Sherman P. Vinograd Audio/Visual Collection, 1966 - 1994 and undated.
  • Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library Oral History Collection:

  • Dr. Sherman P. Vinograd oral history [sound recording], 2012.
  • Many of the Southwest Collection's oral histories may be found among our transcripts and abstracts.
  • Preferred Citation

    Dr. Sherman P. Vinograd Aerospace Exploration Papers, 1957 - 2010 and undated, Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

    Accession Information

    Collection accession #(s): 2009 - 0034 - B and 2012 - 0095 - B

    Gifts, 2009 and 2012

    Processing Information

    Processed by: Robert Weaver and Katie White, 2013

    Collection Inventory

    Box 1


    Financial Materials


    Box 2

    Printed Materials

    Box 3

    Box 4

    Box 5

    Box 6

    Printed Materials - Apollo

    Printed Materials - Apollo/Saturn

    Printed Materials - Gemini

    Printed Materials - Mercury

    Printed Materials - Skylab

    • Folder 17, "Air/Ground Communications SL - 4," Science Communication Division, George Washington University Medical Center, 1973 - 1974
    • Folder 18, "Air/Ground Communications SL - 4," Book II, Science Communication Division, George Washington University Medical Center, November 1973
    • Folder 19, Experiments, 1972 - 1973


    Box 7

    Box 8

    Box 9

    Box 10

    Box 11

    Reports - Apollo

    Reports - Apollo 7 - 11

    Reports - Apollo 11

    Box 12

    Reports - Apollo 14

    Reports - Apollo 15

    Reports - Apollo 17

    Reports - Gemini

    Reports - Mercury

    Reports - Skylab

    Reports - Skylab 4

    Reports - Spacelab

    Duplicates - Printed Materials

    • Folder 17, "Biomedical Research Division," undated
    • Folder 18, "Fundamentals of Space Medicine," GWU: Guest Lecturers, 1966
    • Folder 19, "Fundamentals of Space Medicine," Information, 1966
    • Folder 20, "GWU "Fundamentals of Space Medicine" Participant List, October 1966
    • Folder 21, High Altitude Charts, undated
    • Folder 22, In Memoriam - Dr. Loren Carlson, undated
    • Folder 23, "Introduction to Underwater Medicine," MacInnis, Joseph B., undated
    • Folder 24, Letter: Roth to Vinograd, Course in Engineering Aspects of Space Medicine, GWU, 1 October 1964
    • Folder 25, Letter: Vinograd to Sister Rebeca, 1 May 1979
    • Folder 26, Letter: Vinograd to (unknown), GWU "Fundamentals of Space Medicine" enrollment confirmation letter, 1966
    • Folder 27, Letter: Vinograd to Winter, re: Proposed Changes to Life Sciences Research Program, June 1975
    • Folder 28, Miscellaneous, undated
    • Folder 29, Pamphlet - "Fundamentals of Space Medicine," GWU, June 1966

    Duplicated Reports

    • Folder 30, "Results of the Third United States Manned Orbital Space Flight, NASA, 3 October 1962
    • Folder 31, "A Review of Current Concepts of the Effects of Weightlessness and Rotational Environment on Humans," Vinograd, S. P. (1), June 1962
    • Folder 32, "A Review of Current Concepts of the Effects of Weightlessness and Rotational Environment on Humans," Vinograd, S. P. (2), June 1962


    • Folder 33, Miscellaneous, 1965 - 2001


    Box 13

    • "Beyond the Atmosphere: Early Years of Space Science," NASA, 1980
    • "Biomedical Results from Skylab," NASA, 1977
    • "Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine" (English), vol. 1, undated
    • "Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine" (English), vol. 2, 1975
    • "Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine" (English), vol. 3, 1975
    • "Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine" (Russian), vol. 2, 1975
    • "Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine" (Russian), vol. 2, book 1, 1975
    • "Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine" (Russian), vol. 2, book 2, 1975
    • "Foundations of Space Biology and Medicine" (Russian), vol. 3, 1975
    • "Freedom 7: The First Manned Space Flight," The NASA Mission Reports, 2001
    • "Infectious Diseas in Manned Spaceflight: Probabilities and Countermeasures," National Academy of Sciences, 1970
    • Medical Aspects of an Orbiting Research Laboratory," NASA, undated

    Box 14

    • Books, 2 patches, Vascular Support Garment, undated

    Box 15

    • Duplicate items, undated

    Box 16

    • Duplicate items, undated


    Box 17

    • Replica of Actual Plaque Placed on the Moon, undated

    Oversized Items

    Box 18

    • JSC Photograph and signatures Internationalis Astronautica Academia - Confirmation est Chartis, 1986
    • IAA Membership Documents - Envelope, undated
    • "Space Shuttle Propellant Boosters Jettisoned" Photographed and Signatures, undated


    Box 19

    • Hubertus Strughold Award, 1983
    • Life Sciences Personnel of the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, April 1979


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