Aguero, Bidal, Papers, 1949-1988 and undated

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Biographical Sketch

Bidal Aguero was born on July 23, 1949, on the Goodnight Farm, which was located at the present-day Acuff Avenue. His parents, Ignacio and Eulalia Aguero, were from around Karnes City, Texas. His grandfather was originally from the San Antonio area, while his grandmother came from Mexico. He has two brothers, Ricardo and Jose, and two sisters, Alicia and Maria.

The Agueros were originally migrant workers from the Temple and Tyler area, following the cotton crop around Texas, before settling on the Goodnight farm. Neither of them received much education, with Mrs. Aguero reaching the third grade. The family later moved to Lubbock, where they settled in the Guadalupe neighborhood area. Bidal's father started working for the city's sanitation department. They later moved to the neighborhood north of the Clovis Highway, bounded by Avenue Q and Avenue U.

As a youth, Bidal experienced racial discrimination of the kind common to Texas in the 1950s and 1960s. Mexican Americans were banned from entering theaters, restaurants, and swimming pools. Even drinking fountains were off-limits, as fountains existed for whites and blacks, but none for Mexican Americans. Teachers often could not speak the language of the Mexican American students, so it was rare for students to graduate from high school.

Bidal attended school at North University Elementary School in Lubbock (present day Mahon Elementary). He later attended Matthews Junior High School and Lubbock High School. While at Matthews, Bidal won an election in the school band, but the band director gave the office to an Angelo student.

After being advised by his high school counselor to join the army or be a mechanic, Bidal began attending classes at Texas Technological College (later Texas Tech University) in the fall of 1967. While there, he became active in college activities, joining a Mexican American student organization called Los Tertullianos. He became vice-president in 1970, and president in 1971. Los Tertullianos organized gatherings and seminars to encourage Mexican American students to be more active.

Bidal Aguero himself became more of an activist as a result of the 1970 Lubbock tornado. He volunteered as an emergency worker in the aftermath of the tornado. During this time, he observed that while the downtown and Lubbock Country Club areas received assistance, the Guadalupe neighborhood areas were neglected when it came to receiving relief. As a result, he left Los Tertullianos since they were more a social club. Instead, Aguero helped to found MECHA at Texas Tech, which was more activist.

Aguero graduated from Texas Tech in December, 1972, with a B.A. in music education. After working for Learn-Education Talent Search for seven months, he helped found COMA (Commerciantes Organizacion Mexicano Americano), the Mexican-American Chamber of Commerce, in 1972. However, when Aguero left for the University of Wisconsin, COMA collapsed. Aguero returned with his Master's degree in December 1974, and started COMA up again in 1976.

Aguero was also heavily involved in local politics. He joined La Raza Unida Party and ran for local offices such as county commissioner. He participated in organizing protests for injustices done against Mexican Americans. Aguero was one of those who filed lawsuit against the Lubbock Independent School District to change its method of electing school trustees. He traveled to the Middle East to meet with members of the Palestine Liberation Organization. After the end of the Raza Unida, he joined the Democratic Party.

Aguero has worked in several local social service organizations such as Defensa, Inc., Chicanos Unidos-Campensions, and Llano Estacado Farmworkers of Tejas to help such groups as migrant workers. He also worked closely with governmental groups such as the South Plains Association of Governments, the State of Texas, and the City of Lubbock. Aguero is currently publisher of one of the two weekly Spanish newspapers in Lubbock, El Editor and is a member of COMA. His papers contain records from several of these organizations, as well as his personal papers.

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of personal, financial and business records, civil rights and social service organizational materials, and government papers.


The papers are organized into the following series:

  • Personal papers, 1961-1963 (Box 1)
  • Business materials, 1975-1985 and undated (Boxes 1-3)
  • Government papers, 1965-1986 and undated (Boxes 3-4)
  • Organizations-Social Services and Civil Rights, 1972-1984 and undated (Boxes 4-5)
  • Organizations-Businesses, 1975-1984 and undated (Box 5)
  • Printed material, 1973-1984 (Box 5)
  • Miscellaneous materials, 1981-1983 and undated (Box 6)
  • Papers, 1949-1988 and undated (Box 7)
  • Miscellaneous materials, 1976-1987 and undated (Box 8)
  • Restrictions

    Open for research

    Index Terms

    The subject headings used by the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library are derived from the Library of Congress and/or locally developed

    Subject (Persons)

  • Aguero, Bidal, 1949-
  • Aguero, Bidal, 1949--Archives
  • Subjects (Organizations)

  • Amigo Publications (Lubbock, Tex.)
  • Mexican American Chamber of Commerce (Lubbock, Tex.)
  • Places

  • Austin (Tex.)--Economic conditions
  • Lubbock (Tex.)--Economic conditions
  • Odessa (Tex.)--Economic conditions
  • Subjects

  • Boards of trade--Texas--Lubbock
  • Civic leaders--Texas--Lubbock
  • Editor (Odessa, Tex.)
  • Journalism--Texas--Lubbock
  • Mexican Americans--Texas--Lubbock
  • Mexican American newspapers--Texas--Lubbock
  • Small business--Texas--Lubbock
  • Spanish newspapers--Texas
  • Preferred Citation

    Bidal Aguero Papers, 1949-1988 and undated, Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

    Collection Inventory

    Personal Papers, 1961-1983 and undated

    Box 1

    Educational Material, 1961-1976

    Financial Materials, 1975-1983 and undated

    Election Materials, 1978 and undated

    Literary Productions, 1977-1981 and undated

    Miscellaneous Materials

    Business Materials, 1975-1985 and undated

    Amigo Enterprises, 1979-1983 and undated

    +++Correspondence, 1979

    Financial Materials, 1978-1983

    +++Citizen's State Bank, Slaton, 1981

    +++Lubbock National Bank, 1979-1981

    +++Plains National Bank, 1982-1983

    +++Texas Commerce Bank, 1978-1980

    • Federal Tax Papers, 1978-1980

    Amigo Enterprises (El Portavoz), 1978-1983

    ++Financial Materials, 1978-1983

    +++American State Bank, 1978-1981

    Amigo Pest Control, 1976-1981

    ++Financial Materials, 1976-1981

    +++Texas Bank, 1976-1977

  • Folder 52, Licensing Papers, 1976-1977
  • Box 2

    Amigo Publications, 1977-1985 and undated

    • Folder 1, Address List, undated

    ++Financial Materials, 1977-1985

    Box 3

    +++++++American State Bank, 1977-1980

    +++++++Lubbock National Bank, 1980-1981

    +++++++National Bank of Odessa, 1983

    +++++++Texas Commerce Bank, 1982-1983

    Bidal Aguero DBA Amigo Publications, 1983-1984

    ++Financial Material, 1983-1984

    +++First Federal Savings and Loan Association of West Texas, 1983-1984

    El Editor, 1975-1983 and undated

    ++Correspondence, 1975-1983 and undated

    ++Financial Material, 1975-1983

    El Portavoz, 1978-1980

    ++Financial Material, 1978-1980

    +++++++American State Bank, 1979

    +++++++Bank of the West, 1980

    La Voz de Texas, 1975-1978 and undated

    ++Correspondence, 1976

    ++Financial Material, 1975-1977 and undated

    Businesses and Organizations - Press Releases and Advertising (1973-1982 and undated)

    Governmental Papers, 1965-1986 and undated

    City of Lubbock, 1973-1980 and undated

    City of Slaton, undated

    Lubbock Independent School District, 1978

    South Plains Association of Governments (SPAG), 1978-1986

    Box 4

    ++South Plains Employment and Training Consortium, 1980-1981

    State of Oregon, 1981

    State of Texas, 1970-1981 and undated

    ++Department of Human Resources, 1981

    ++Texas Migrant Council, undated

    State of Wisconsin, 1972-1973

    United States Government, 1974-1983 and undated

    ++Department of Commerce, 1976-1981

    ++Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1969-1975

    ++SER - Jobs for Progress, 1978 and undated

    Organizations - Social Service and Civil Rights, 1972-1984 and undated

    ++Citizens Alliance for Successful Schools, 1978

    ++Chicano Unidos - Campesinos, 1974-1979 and undated

    ++Defensa, Inc., 1975-1983 and undated

    ++Hispanic Policy Development Project, 1983

    ++League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), 1975-1982

    ++Llano Estacado Farmworkers of Tejas, 1976-1978 and undated

    Box 5

    ++Raza Unida Party, 1971-1979 and undated

    +++++++Election Materials, 1971-1978 and undated

    +++++++Financial Materials, 1976-1979 and undated

    +++++++++++Lubbock National Bank, 1978-1979

    ++Texas Tech University - Student Organizations, 1969-1975 and undated

    +++++++Los Tertulianos, 1969-1970

    Organizations - Businesses, 1975-1984 and undated

    ++Camera de Comercio Mexico - Americana de Plainview (CCMAP) (1976 and undated)

    ++Comerciantes Organizados Mexicanos Americanos (COMA), 1975-1984 and undated

    ++Dallas Mexican Chamber of Commerce, 1972-1977

    ++Fiesta '79, 1975-1980

    ++Mexican American Chamber of Commerce, Fort Worth, 1975-1976 and undated

    ++Texas Association of Mexican American Chambers of Commerce, 1975-1978 and undated

    Box 6

    Papers, 1949-1988

    Box 7

  • Folder 1, Advertiser's List-Lubbock, undated
  • Folder 2, Advertiser's List-Odessa and Other Texas Cities, undated
  • Folder 3, Advertiser's List for Special Editions, undated
  • Folder 4, Advertising Package, 1986
  • Folder 5, Advertising Rates, 1986 and undated
  • Folder 6, Publisher's Affidavit for Amigo Publications, July 10, 1978
  • Folder 7, Bidal Aguero-Birth Certificate, 1949 [Removed from Collection]
  • Folder 8, Outgoing Letters Files for Information on Freedom Act, undated
  • Folder 9, Bidal Aguero-County Commissioner Campaign, 1978
  • Folder 10, Discrimination Suit Against SPAG, 1976
  • Folder 11, Story of Founding of El Editor (Copy), undated
  • Folder 12, Garnett Scholarship Selection Committee Statement, undated
  • Folder 13, Lubbock Jaycees-Annual Distinguished Service Award Application, 1977
  • Folder 14, Bidal Aguero-Resumes, 1977-1985 and undated
  • Folder 15, Texas Tech Graduate School-Letters of Recommendation and Acceptance, 1979
  • Folder 16, USA Amateur Boxing Federation-Membership Renewal, November 3, 1986
  • Folder 17, IRS Employer's Quarterly Report, Mar. 3, 1983-June 30, 1984 [Removed from Collection]
  • Folder 18, Amigo Enterprises-Loan Application, January 11, 1982
  • Folder 19, Amigo Pest Control, 1977-1980
  • Folder 20, Anheuser-Busch/Lift-Texas Hispanic Scholarship Pilot Program, 1981
  • Folder 21, Arnett Benson Neighborhood Council, undated
  • Folder 22, Artesia Media Brokers (Hollywood, CA), Jan. 24, 1985
  • Folder 23, Austin ADI Hispanic Market-Survey of the Hispanic Consumer, 1986 (3 Copies)
  • Folder 24, Banco de Comida (Food Bank)- Proposal to Presbyterian Hunger Program, 1984
  • Folder 25, LULAC and Southwestern Bell Telephone - BEST (Basic Employment Skills Training) Program, undated
  • Folder 26, Business Directory Promotion, February 13, 1985
  • Folder 27, Brazos Offset Printing (Slaton, TX), 1984
  • Folder 28, South Plains Employment and Training Consortium-CETA Summer Youth Employment Program Handbooks, Applications and Time Sheets, 1981
  • Folder 29, Chase Manhattan Contracts, 1977-1979
  • Folder 30, Chicaclos-A Christmas Essay, undated
  • Folder 31, Chicanos Unidos-Campesinos, Inc. (Muleshoe, TX), 1978-1986
  • Folder 32, Verified Audit Circulation, 1986
  • Folder 33, COMA: Cinco de Mayo Celebration-Ads for Programs, 1985
  • Folder 34, COMA: Programs for Annual Installation and Awards Banquets, 1977-1978
  • Folder 35, COMA: Cinco de Mayo Celebration-Scholarship Pageant Entry Forms, 1985
  • Folder 36, COMA-Letters and Minutes, 1976-1987
  • Folder 37, COMA-Directory Bid, September 1986
  • Folder 38, COMA-Membership Lists, 1979 and undated
  • Folder 39, Comte de Soporte-Texas Farm Workers Union, May 1979
  • Folder 40, Community Development/Block Grants-Bureau of National Affairs (Washington, D. C.), 1976-1977
  • Folder 41, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Technologia, undated
  • Folder 42, Incoming Mail for Bidal Aguero, 1977-1987
  • Folder 43, Incoming Mail for El Editor, 1985-1986 and undated
  • Folder 44, Incoming Mail for Olga Riojas, 1985-1987
  • Folder 45, Outgoing Mail from Bidal Aguero, 1978-1980
  • Folder 46, Outgoing Mail from El Editor, 1981-1988
  • Folder 47, Outgoing Mail from El Editor, February-August, 1985
  • Folder 48, Outgoing Mail from Olga Riojas, 1985-1987
  • Folder 49, Outgoing Mail from El Editor, undated
  • Folder 50, R. A. Cuellar & Associates-List of Fees and Other Items Needed for Loan Application, 1985 and undated
  • Folder 51, Writings of Karl Marx, Voice of the ICC, and Other Marxist Propaganda, 1975-1982
  • Folder 52, Spanish, Bilingual and Marxist Newspapers-Texas and U. S. Southwest, 1976-1985
  • Box 8

  • Folder 1, Correspondence, 1977-1987 and undated
  • Literary Production
  • Folder 2, Hispanic Market Survey, 1986
  • Newsclippings
  • Folder 3, Entertainment, 1987 and undated
  • Folder 4, Miscellaneous, undated
  • Folder 5, Politics, 1987 and undated
  • Folder 6, Scenes of Lubbock, undated
  • Folder 7, Sports, 1986-1987 and undated
  • Printed Material
  • Folder 8, Brochures, 1977 and undated
  • Folder 9, Church Bulletin, 1986
  • Folder 10, Memos and Newsletters, 1984-1987 and undated
  • Folder 11, Newspapers, 1981
  • Folder 12, Texas Tech Program pages, undated
  • Scrapbook material
  • Folder 13, Cards, 1987 and undated
  • Folder 14, Jim Bob Darnell, undated
  • Folder 15, Mailing Lists, undated
  • Folder 16, Miscellaneous, 1976-1986 and undated
  • Folder 17, Photographs, Roger Cortez, undated
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